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Abstract Detail

Crops and Wild Relatives

Qi, Xinshuai [1], An, Hong [2], Ragsdale, Aaron [3], Hall, Tara [4], Gutenkunst, Ryan [5], Pires, J. Chris [6], Barker, Michael [7].

Genomic inferences of domestication events are corroborated by written records in Brassica rapa.

Demographic modeling is often used with population genomic data to infer the relationships and ages among populations. However, relatively few analyses are able to validate these inferences with independent data. Here, we leverage written records that describe distinct Brassica rapa crops to corroborate demographic models of domestication. Brassica rapa crops are renowned for their outstanding morphological diversity, but the relationships and order of domestication remains unclear. We generated genome-wide SNPs from 126 accessions collected globally using high-throughput transcriptome data. Analyses of more than 31,000 SNPs across the B. rapa genome revealed evidence for five distinct genetic groups and supported a European-Central Asian origin of B. rapa crops. Our results supported the traditionally recognized South Asian and East Asian B. rapa groups with evidence that pak choi, Chinese cabbage, and yellow sarson are likely monophyletic groups. In contrast, the oil-type B. rapa subsp. oleifera and brown sarson were polyphyletic. We also found no evidence to support the contention that rapini is the wild type or the earliest domesticated subspecies of B. rapa. Demographic analyses suggested that B. rapa was introduced to Asia 2400–4100 years ago, and that Chinese cabbage originated 1200-2100 years ago via admixture of pak choi and European-Central Asian B. rapa. We also inferred significantly different levels of founder effect among the B. rapa subspecies. Written records from antiquity that document these crops are consistent with these inferences. The concordance between our age estimates of domestication events with historical records provides unique support for our demographic inferences.

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Related Links:

1 - University of Arizona, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tucson, AZ, 85716-4831, United States
2 - University of Missouri, Columbia, Division of Biological Sciences, Columbia, MO, 65211, USA
3 - University of Arizona, Program in Applied Mathematics, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA
4 - University of Arizona, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA
5 - University of Arizona, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA
6 - University Of Missouri, 371 Bond Life Sciences Center, 1201 Rollins Street, Columbia, MO, 65211-7310, USA
7 - University Of Arizona, Department Of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, P.O. Box 210088, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA

Brassica rapa
Genetic structure
crop improvement
population genomics.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Session: 39, Crops and Wild Relatives
Location: Sundance 2/Omni Hotel
Date: Wednesday, June 28th, 2017
Time: 2:30 PM
Number: 39005
Abstract ID:316
Candidate for Awards:None

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